According to AWWA and IWA,
the world water utilities are losing more than 50 billions m3 of water per year,
generating huge unnecessary CO2 emissions:

  • Real losses – Leakages
  • Apparent losses
  • End customers losses
  • Water infiltrations into sewage systems
System
Input
Volume
Authorised
Consumption
Billed
Authorised
Consumption
Billed Metered Consumption Revenue
Water
Billed Unmetered Consumption
Unbilled
Authorised
Consumption
Unbilled Metered Consumption Non
Revenue
Water
Unbilled Unmetered Consumption
Water
Losses
Apparent
Water
Losses
Unauthorised Consumption
Custormer Meter Inaccuracies
Real
Losses
Leakage on Transmission
and Distribution Mains
Leakage and Overflows
at Reservoirs
Leakage on Service Connections up
to Metering Point